Liver Cancer

 

What is liver cancer?

Liver cancer occurs when abnormal cells grow uncontrollably in the liver, forming a cancerous tumour.

Stages of liver cancer

Diagnosing liver cancer

Liver cancer diagnosis involves a number of tests. You may undergo an ultrasound, which looks for tumours in the liver; CT scan, where images are used to provide precise information on the size and position of any tumours; MRI scan; angiography, which shows the arteries that supply blood to a liver cancer; laparoscopy; or biopsy, which involves removing tissue from the tumour to examine.

Further tests may also be required, often to see if the cancer has spread beyond the liver.

Treatment

Frequently asked questions

What are the symptoms of liver cancer?

Symptoms for liver cancer are unlikely to appear in the early stages of the disease, however common signs include weakness and fatigue, pain in the upper right side of the abdomen, severe pain and/or swelling of the abdomen, loss of appetite, weight loss, yellowing skin and eyes, pale bowel motions and fever.

What causes liver cancer?

Certain risk factors can play a role in the development of liver cancer. These include:

  • Hepatitis – Chronic infection from Hepatitis B or C is a significant risk factor for liver cancer
  • Pre-existing conditions – Including fatty liver disease, haemochromatosis, alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency or type 2 diabetes
  • Liver scarring
  • High alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to certain chemicals

Making an appointment

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Care team

Every member of Icon’s team is here to help. Here are some of the team members you may meet and how they will be involved in your treatment.
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Our doctors

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